Russia is the main energy supplier for European Union (EU) countries, according to Eurostat. The statistics show that in 2015 more than 29% of oil, 29% of solid fuels (mainly coal) and 37% of gas imported to EU came from Russia. With regard to gas, 33% of imports are from Norway and 11% from Algeria. Norway also holds 12% share of oil imports. Statistics also show that in the Top 3 importers of solid fuels are Colombia (24%) and the United States (16%)
The EU as a whole is highly dependent on energy imports and vulnerable because it relies only on several sources.
In 2015, 54% of the bloc’s energy needs were covered by imports, according to Eurostat data. This percentage is particularly high in the smaller countries – Malta, Cyprus and Luxembourg, which rely almost entirely on imports of energy sources, and fall below 20% for countries like Estonia, Denmark and Romania, which rely on local extraction and renewable sources, thus reducing their dependence on imports.
Below 40% is Bulgaria’s energy dependence due to local coal mining. The solid fuels actually play an important role for Bulgarian energy, as coal has a share of 35.8% of the energy mix. In addition, nuclear power also gives some independence to the country, as its share in the mix is about 21.5%. The share of natural gas in the energy mix in Bulgaria is 14% and oil is 22.7%, shows statistics for 2015. Renewable assets are just under 11%.
In the EU, core energy sources are nuclear and renewable, with 28.9% and 27%, respectively, of total energy production. Solid fuels occupy the third place with 19%, and natural gas has a share of 14%.